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Flag of Belgium
450px-Flag of Belgium.png
Adopted January 23, 1831
Designed by Lucien Jottrand and Edouard Ducpétiaux
Proportions 13:15

The flag of Belgium is a vertical tricolour of black, yellow, and red.

Symbolism[]

The colours of the Belgian flag derive from the historical coat of arms of the duchy of Brabant, which comprised of a golden lion with red claws and tongue on a black field and stretched from the modern Dutch province of North Brabant, through Antwerp and Flemish Brabant and Brussels to modern day Walloon Brabant. They were first used during a revolution against the Austrian Habsburgers in 1792, with the establishment of the short-lived United Belgian States in the Austrian Southern Netherlands (roughly the equivalent of modern day Belgium).[1]

The coat of arms of the Duchy of Brabant is also used as the coat of arms for the Kingdom of Belgium.

When Belgium revolted against the United Kingdom of The Netherlands in 1830 the Brabantic colours were again used, albeit in a horizontal tricolour of red, yellow and black. When actual independence was achieved a year later the colours were placed in the contemporary vertical pattern, inspired by the vertical French tricolore, which represented liberty and revolution[2], and possibly to differentiate from the horizontal tricolour of the Dutch.[3]

Trivia[]

  • The rather odd proportions of the Belgian flag are of unknown origin. For simplicity's sake the Belgian flag for civil use has the more common 2:3 proportion.
  • The Belgian flag, used twice mirrored and unmirrored, appears in the greater coat of arms of Belgium.

References[]

  1. Grote geïllustreerde vlaggengids by William Crampton (nl)
  2. Complete Flags of the World
  3. 'Sire er zijn geen Belgen' at Belgische Politiek (nl)

European Nations[]

Flag of NATO.svg North Atlantic Treaty Organization

Current Members

Albania.svg Albania Belgium.svg Belgium Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria Canada.svg Canada Croatia.svg Croatia Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic
Denmark.svg Denmark Estonia.svg Estonia Finland.svg Finland France.svg France Germany.svg Germany Greece.svg Greece
Hungary.svg Hungary Iceland.svg Iceland Italy.svg Italy Latvia.svg Latvia Lithuania.svg Lithuania Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg
Montenegro.svg Montenegro Netherlands.svg Netherlands Macedonia.svg Macedonia Poland.svg Poland Portugal.svg Portugal Romania.svg Romania
Slovakia.svg Slovakia Slovenia.svg Slovenia Spain.svg Spain Turkey.svg Turkey United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom United States.svg United States
Europe.svg European Union

Current Members

Austria.svg Austria Belgium.svg Belgium Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria Croatia.svg Croatia Cyprus.svg Cyprus Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic Denmark.svg Denmark Estonia.svg Estonia France.svg France Germany.svg Germany Greece.svg Greece
Hungary.svg Hungary Ireland.svg Ireland Italy.svg Italy Latvia.svg Latvia Lithuania.svg Lithuania Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Malta.svg Malta Netherlands.svg Netherlands Poland.svg Poland Portugal.svg Portugal Romania.svg Romania
Slovakia.svg Slovakia Slovenia.svg Slovenia Spain.svg Spain Sweden.svg Sweden

Former Members

United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Europe.svg Europe
Albania.svg Albania Andorra.svg Andorra Armenia.svg Armenia Austria.svg Austria Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan Belarus.svg Belarus
Belgium.svg Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria Croatia.svg Croatia Cyprus.svg Cyprus Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic
Denmark.svg Denmark Estonia.svg Estonia Finland.svg Finland France.svg France Georgia.svg Georgia Germany.svg Germany
Greece.svg Greece Hungary.svg Hungary Iceland.svg Iceland Ireland.svg Ireland Italy.svg Italy Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan
Kosovo.svg Kosovo Latvia.svg Latvia Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein Lithuania.svg Lithuania Luxembourg.svg Luxembourg Macedonia.svg Macedonia
Malta.svg Malta Moldova.svg Moldova Monaco.svg Monaco Montenegro.svg Montenegro Netherlands.svg Netherlands Norway.svg Norway
Poland.svg Poland Portugal.svg Portugal Romania.svg Romania Russia.svg Russia San Marino.svg San Marino Serbia.svg Serbia
Slovakia.svg Slovakia Slovenia.svg Slovenia Spain.svg Spain Sweden.svg Sweden Switzerland.svg Switzerland Turkey.svg Turkey
Ukraine.svg Ukraine United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom Vatican City.svg Vatican City

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