VexiWiki
Advertisement
Flag of Cameroon
Cameroon.svg
Adopted May 20, 1975 [1]
Designed by (unknown)
Proportions 2:3 [2]

The flag of Cameroon is an equal vertical tricolour of green, red, and yellow, with a small yellow five-pointed star in the centre of the flag.

Symbolism[]

Red, yellow, and green are the Pan-African colours (the traditional colours of Africa). The five-pointed star represents Cameroonian unity. [3] The tricolour design of the flag resembles the flag of France, which had control over the nation until 1960.

Official symbolism is as follows:

  • The green stands for the vegetation of the south.
  • The yellow stands for the savannas of the north.
  • The red symbolizes a link between the north and south.
  • The star is referred to as "the star of unity"

History[]

In 1884-1916 the country was a colony of the German Empire (Deutsch-Kamerun). In World War I the British invaded Cameroon from Nigeria in 1914 in the West Africa campaign, with the last German fort in the country surrendering in February 1916. After the war this colony was partitioned between the United Kingdom and France under a June 28, 1919 League of Nations mandates.

After it was promised independence, the local government of the French Cameroon began discussing a possible national flag in 1957. One popular symbol suggested for the flag was the prawn that had given the country its name. (The Portuguese place-name Rio dos Camarões ["River of the Prawns" or "River of Shrimps"] was corrupted into Cameroons or Cameroon.)

In the end, however, the members of the legislature favoured a simple flag of three equal vertical stripes. The first flag was officially hoisted on October 29, 1957. After independence on January 1, 1960, the flag was retained, but slight modifications were subsequently made. The amalgamation of part of the British Cameroons into the country led to the addition of two yellow stars to the green stripe of the flag on October 1, 1961.


The present design dates from May 20, 1975, when a central yellow star was substituted for the two stars, as a symbol of national unity.[4]

References[]

African Union.svg Africa
Algeria.svg Algeria Angola.svg Angola Benin.svg Benin Botswana.svg Botswana Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso
Burundi.svg Burundi Cameroon.svg Cameroon Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic Chad.svg Chad
Comoros.svg Comoros Republic of the Congo.svg Republic of the Congo Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti.svg Djibouti Egypt.svg Egypt
Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea Eritrea.svg Eritrea Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia Gabon.svg Gabon Gambia.svg Gambia Ghana.svg Ghana
Guinea.svg Guinea Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau Kenya.svg Kenya Lesotho.svg Lesotho Liberia.svg Liberia Libya.svg Libya
Madagascar.svg Madagascar Malawi.svg Malawi Mali.svg Mali Mauritania.svg Mauritania Mauritius.svg Mauritius Morocco.svg Morocco
Mozambique.svg Mozambique Namibia.svg Namibia Niger.svg Niger Nigeria.svg Nigeria Rwanda.svg Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe
Senegal.svg Senegal Seychelles.svg Seychelles Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone Somalia.svg Somalia South Africa.svg South Africa South Sudan.svg South Sudan
Sudan.svg Sudan Swaziland.svg Swaziland Tanzania.svg Tanzania Togo.svg Togo Tunisia.svg Tunisia Uganda.svg Uganda
Zambia.svg Zambia Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe

Advertisement