Flag of Colombia
Adopted November 26, 1861 [1]
Designed by General Francisco de Miranda [1]
Proportions 2:3 [2]

The flag of Colombia consists of three horizontal bands of yellow (top, double-width), blue, and red. [3]

The aspect ratio of the national flag is not officially specified.


  • The yellow stands for generosity, sun, soil, gold, justice, and agriculture.
  • The blue stands for truth, loyalty, justice, perseverance, water, and sky.
  • The red stands for bravery and strength. [1]

Other national flags[]


Francisco de Miranda's banner

The contemporary flag of Colombia is based on the flag raised by General Francisco de Miranda over the brigantine Leandro on March 12, 1806, during his failed invasion to La Vela de Coro.

In 1811 the United Provinces of New Granada adopted a flag similar to Miranda's but with green stripe instead of blue one. It's design was re-arranged in 1814.

The victory of "The Liberator," Simón Bolívar, at the Battle of Boyacá on August 7, 1819, assured the independence of Colombia, and in December of that year Colombia adopted as its national flag similar to the current one: the horizontal tricolour of yellow, blue, and red under which Bolívar fought.

In 1834 the stripes were changed from horizontal to vertical, and a white eight-pointed star was added in the centre. Subsequently coats of arms appeared on the flag for specific official purposes. The present national flag was established when the government reverted to the horizontal yellow-blue-red on December 10, 1861. In doing so, however, it made the yellow stripe twice the width of either of the other stripes. Provision was made for distinctive symbols in the centre of the flag for such purposes as identification of the diplomatic service, navy ships, privately owned vessels, and the armed forces. Essentially the same symbols had already been in use for half a century, but the exact artistic rendition had varied from one regime to the next in reaction to the changing political landscape.[4]


The flag of Ecuador.

  • The flag is very similar to the flag of Ecuador, the only differences being that the flag of Ecuador has the country's coat of arms on it and the different proportions.


Featured.svg Featured Article Colombia
This page was featured on the VexiWiki main page on March 30-April 5, 2009.
South America.svg South America
Argentina.svg Argentina Bolivia.svg Bolivia Brazil.svg Brazil Chile.svg Chile Colombia.svg Colombia Ecuador.svg Ecuador Guyana.svg Guyana
Panama.svg Panama Paraguay.svg Paraguay Peru.svg Peru Suriname.svg Suriname Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago Uruguay.svg Uruguay Venezuela.svg Venezuela