The flag of Egypt is a horizontal equal tricolor (red, white, black) with a golden eagle with a shield, which is called the Eagle of Saladin, in the center of the flag (in the white stripe). The reverse side of the flag has the same design. [2]


According to the Egypt State Information Service website, [3]

The red color refers to the period before 1952 Revolution which brought a group of army officers to power after deposing King Farouk, then King of Egypt. This was a period characterized by the struggle against the British occupation of the country. The white symbolizes the advent of the 1952 Revolution which ended the monarchy without bloodshed. The color black symbolizes the end of the oppression of the people of Egypt at the hands of the Monarchy and British colonialism.


See also: Protocole du Royaume d'Égypte, 1947