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Flag of Ghana
Ghana.svg
Adopted 1966
Designed by Theodosia Okoh[1]
Proportions 2:3[2]

The flag of Ghana consists of three equal horizontal bands of red (top), yellow, and green with a large black five-pointed star centred in the yellow band.

The flag is similar to the flag of Bolivia, which has a coat of arms centred in the yellow band.[3]

Symbolism[]

The flag consists of the Pan-African colours of Ethiopia. The Ghanaian flag was the first African flag after the flag of Ethiopia to feature these colours.

  • The colour red represents the blood of those who died in the country's struggle for independence.
  • Gold stands for the minerals wealth.
  • Green symbolizes the rich forest.
  • The star represents the lodestar of African freedom.[4]

Other national flags[]

History[]

Prior to independence the territory of the Contemporary Ghana was known as the Gold Coast and was a British colony. Its flag was the same as one of the Gambia and Sierra Leone but had initials "G.C." instead of "G." or "S.L."

The flag was designed to replace the flag of the United Kingdom upon attainment of independence in 1957.

In 1959-1962 Ghana was member of the Union of African States, whose flag based on the one of Ghana but had three stars to represent its members (Ghana, Guinea, and Mali).

During single-party rule imposed by President Nkrumah in 1964 (overthrown in 1966) Ghana used a flag with white band instead of yellow one.

References[]

African Union.svg Africa
Algeria.svg Algeria Angola.svg Angola Benin.svg Benin Botswana.svg Botswana Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso
Burundi.svg Burundi Cameroon.svg Cameroon Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic Chad.svg Chad
Comoros.svg Comoros Republic of the Congo.svg Republic of the Congo Cote d'Ivoire.svg Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo Djibouti.svg Djibouti Egypt.svg Egypt
Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea Eritrea.svg Eritrea Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia Gabon.svg Gabon Gambia.svg Gambia Ghana.svg Ghana
Guinea.svg Guinea Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau Kenya.svg Kenya Lesotho.svg Lesotho Liberia.svg Liberia Libya.svg Libya
Madagascar.svg Madagascar Malawi.svg Malawi Mali.svg Mali Mauritania.svg Mauritania Mauritius.svg Mauritius Morocco.svg Morocco
Mozambique.svg Mozambique Namibia.svg Namibia Niger.svg Niger Nigeria.svg Nigeria Rwanda.svg Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe
Senegal.svg Senegal Seychelles.svg Seychelles Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone Somalia.svg Somalia South Africa.svg South Africa South Sudan.svg South Sudan
Sudan.svg Sudan Swaziland.svg Swaziland Tanzania.svg Tanzania Togo.svg Togo Tunisia.svg Tunisia Uganda.svg Uganda
Zambia.svg Zambia Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe

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