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Flag of Guinea-Bissau
Guinea-Bissau.svg
Adopted September 24, 1973 [1]
Designed by (unknown)
Proportions 1:2 [2]

The flag of Guinea-Bissau consists of two equal horizontal bands of yellow (top) and green with a vertical red band on the hoist side; there is a black five-pointed star centred in the red band. [3]

Symbolism[]

The flag uses the popular pan-African colours of Ethiopia.

  • The black star on the Guinea-Bissau flag symbolizes freedom and the African people
  • The red stripe represents the blood spilt for the country's liberty and for the nation's suffering during colonial rule
  • The yellow represents the sun and labor
  • The green stands for the lush vegetation, agriculture and hope of Guinea-Bissau.[4]

Also, the flag may be interpreted geographically: The stripe and star corresponded to the western coastal region with its capital city, Bissau (from which the national name was derived). The horizontal stripes in the remaining part of the flag and their yellow and green colours roughly corresponded to the savannas of the north and the forests of the south.[5]

History[]

In 1961 the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) adopted a flag somewhat similar to those of the neighbouring independent countries of Guinea and Ghana. To their pan-African red-yellow-green, the liberation movement for Guinea-Bissau added a black star on the hoist stripe.

The party flag also incorporated the initials PAIGC, which were omitted when independence was proclaimed on September 24, 1973. Portugal did not recognize Guinea-Bissau or its flag until after its own revolution in 1974; nevertheless, much of Guinea-Bissau was already under control of the PAIGC and its flag. Cape Verde eventually abandoned the Marxist politics of the PAIGC and changed its national flag, but Guinea-Bissau retains the original design.

References[]

African Union.svg Africa
Algeria.svg Algeria Angola.svg Angola Benin.svg Benin Botswana.svg Botswana Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso
Burundi.svg Burundi Cameroon.svg Cameroon Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic Chad.svg Chad
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Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea Eritrea.svg Eritrea Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia Gabon.svg Gabon Gambia.svg Gambia Ghana.svg Ghana
Guinea.svg Guinea Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau Kenya.svg Kenya Lesotho.svg Lesotho Liberia.svg Liberia Libya.svg Libya
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Mozambique.svg Mozambique Namibia.svg Namibia Niger.svg Niger Nigeria.svg Nigeria Rwanda.svg Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe
Senegal.svg Senegal Seychelles.svg Seychelles Sierra Leone.svg Sierra Leone Somalia.svg Somalia South Africa.svg South Africa South Sudan.svg South Sudan
Sudan.svg Sudan Swaziland.svg Swaziland Tanzania.svg Tanzania Togo.svg Togo Tunisia.svg Tunisia Uganda.svg Uganda
Zambia.svg Zambia Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe

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