Flag of Namibia
Adopted March 21, 1990
Designed by Fred Brownell [1]
Proportions 2:3

The flag of Namibia is divided diagonally from lower hoist corner to upper fly corner by a wide red stripe edged by narrow white stripes; the upper hoist-side triangle is blue and charged with a yellow, 12-rayed sunburst; the lower fly-side triangle is green.[2]


  • The red represents Namibia's most important resource, its people. It refers to their heroism and their determination to build a future of equal opportunity for all.
  • The white refers to peace and unity.
  • The green symbolises vegetation and agricultural resources.
  • The blue represents the clear Namibian sky and the Atlantic Ocean, the country's precious water resources and rain.
  • The golden-yellow sun represents life and energy.[3]



German Empire • 1884-1915

South Africa Flag 1912-1928.svg1915-1928

South Africa (1928-1994)1928-1990


German Empire

German South-West Africa, 1884-1915

In 1884 the territory of the present-day Namibia was placed under protection of the German Empire, and in 1885 Deutsche Kolonialgesellschaft für Südwest-Afrika (German Colonial Company for South-West Africa) was founded, and the country became ruled as a colony of Germany.[4]
United Kingdom

South West Africa, 1915-1928

South Africa (1928-1994)

South West Africa, 1928-1990

In 1914-1915 during the World War I South African troops invaded and occupied the country. After the war, the area came under the control of Britain, and then was made a South African League of Nations mandate. Following the League's supersession by the United Nations in 1946, South Africa refused to surrender its earlier mandate to be replaced by a United Nations Trusteeship agreement. The South Africa never officially incorporated "South-West Africa" into its territory, although it was administered as the de facto "fifth province", with the white minority having representation in the whites-only Parliament of South Africa.[5]

Republic of Namibia, Since 1990

On March 21, 1990, the country proclaimed its independence as the Republic of Namibia and adopted a new flag. Working with the 835 proposals submitted, the National Symbols Sub-Committee of the transitional government met throughout January 1990 and finally approved a flag recommended by South African State Herald Frederick Brownell. That design placed the blue-red-green SWAPO (South West Africa People’s Organization) stripes diagonally and added white fimbriations (narrow borders) on either side of the red to set off the colours. A golden 12-pointed sun was added in the upper hoist corner to represent life and energy.[6]


  1. - The online guide to Namibia: Namibian flag
  2. CIA World Factbook
  3. Namibia at Flags of the World
  4. German South-West Africa at Wikipedia
  5. History of Namibia at Wikipedia
  6. Namibia, flag of. (2009). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved January 22, 2009, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online
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