Flag of the Philippines
Adopted February 12, 1998 [1]
Designed by Emilio Aguinaldo
Proportions 1:2 [2]

The Flag of the Philippines is a horizontal bicolour of blue and red, with a white equilateral triangle with its base at the hoist, with a golden stylized sun in the center of the triangle, with three golden five-pointed stars near each of the three points of the triangle, each of them facing towards the point they are nearest.


Colour Object Symbolism
Blue Peace, truth, and justice
Red Patriotism and valor
White Triangle Liberty, Equality and Fraternity
Yellow Eight sun rays The original eight Philippine revolutionary provinces who joined fighting against the Spaniards for freedom
Yellow Three stars The three major islands, Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao


Red, yellow, blue, and white are the colors of the flags of the United States and Spain, both of which are the Philippines' relationship countries.


On May 28, 1898, days after the return of General Emilio Aguinaldo from exile in Hong Kong, Filipino troops were once again engaged in a battle against Spanish forces in Alapan, Cavite. It was in this skirmish that the Philippine flag was first unfurled as the revolutionary standard.

Sewn by Doña Marcela Marino de Agoncillo, Lorenza Agoncillo, and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad in Hong Kong and first flown in battle on May 28, 1898. It was formally unfurled during the Proclamation of Philippine Independence and the flag of the First Philippine Republic, on June 12, 1898 by President Aguinaldo. It contains a mythical sun (with a face) similar to the Sun of May in other former Spanish colonies; the triangle of Freemasonry; the eight rays representing eight rebellious provinces of the Philippines first placed under martial law by the Governor-General. The flag was initially unfurled with the blue stripe above, but was flown with the red stripe above at the outbreak of the Philippine–American War in 1899. The flag has the words Fuerzas Expeditionarias del Norte de Luzon on its obverse and Libertad Justicia e Ygualdad on its reverse.



The Creation of the Flag




  • If the Philippine flag is shown upside down (with the red part on top), is a symbolization of war. [7]
  • Section 10 of RA 8491 states that when the flag is displayed on a wall during peacetime, the blue field is to the observers' left, as shown here. [8]
  • When raised at half mast, it means mourning of the death of an important person.
  • The flag should be displayed in all government buildings, official residences, public plazas, and schools every day throughout the year. [9]


  • It has its anthem (Lupang Hinirang) and pledge (Panunumpa sa Watawat)
  • It celebrates two holidays; Flag Day (May 28) and Independence Day (June 12)
  • The days of the 28th of May (National Flag Day) and the 12th of June (Independence Day) are designated as flag days, during which all offices, agencies and instrumentalities of government, business establishments, institutions of learning and private homes are enjoined to display the flag. [10]
  • During the occupation of the Philippines by US and Japan, the Philippine flag is place at the same mast below the USA or Japanese flag. and later abandoned that idea after the World War II.


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