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Germany (German: Deutschland) is a federal republic consisting of sixteen states, known in German as Länder (singular Land). Since Land is the literal German word for "country", the term Bundesländer ("federal states"; singular Bundesland) is commonly used colloquially, as it is more specific, though technically incorrect within the corpus of German law.

Federal state
Bundesland
Civil flag State flag Ensign
Baden-Württemberg Baden-Wurttemberg.svg Baden-Wurttemberg (state, greater arms).svg and Baden-Wurttemberg (state, lesser arms).svg
Bavaria
Bayern
Bavaria (lozengy).svg and Bavaria (striped).svg
Berlin Berlin.svg Berlin (state).svg
Brandenburg Brandenburg.svg
Bremen Bremen.svg Bremen (middle arms).svg and Bremen (greater arms).png
Hamburg Hamburg.svg Hamburg (admiralty flag).svg
Hesse
Hessen
Hesse.svg Hesse (state).svg
Lower Saxony
Niedersachsen
Lower Saxony.svg Lower Saxony (state ensign).svg
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.svg Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (state).svg
North Rhine-Westphalia
Nordrhein-Westfalen
North Rhine-Westphalia.svg North Rhine-Westphalia (state).svg
Rhineland-Palatinate
Rheinland-Pfalz
Rhineland-Palatinate.svg
Saar
Saarland
Saarland.png
Saxony
Sachsen
Saxony.svg Saxony (state).svg
Saxony-Anhalt
Sachsen-Anhalt
Saxony-Anhalt.svg Saxony-Anhalt (state).svg
Schleswig-Holstein Schleswig-Holstein.svg Schleswig-Holstein (state).svg
Thuringia
Thüringen
Thuringia.svg Thuringia (state).svg
Germany.svg Bundesländer of Germany

Baden-WürttembergBavaria (Bayern)BerlinBrandenburgBremenHamburgHesse (Hessen)Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern)North Rhine-Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)Saar (Saarland)Saxony (Sachsen)Saxony-Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt)Schleswig-HolsteinThuringia (Thüringen)

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